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Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers: experiences and learning from Kenya and Tanzania

Maghama Berger2 2

 22nd - 30th of September 2017

PROCASUR​ the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the International Land Coalition (ILC) are pleased to announce the Learning Initiative (LI) “Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers: experiences and learning from Kenya and Tanzania”.


This is a cross regional initiative developed in the frame of the "Strengthening capacities and tools for scaling-up and disseminating innovations" IFAD-PROCASUR Programme as a response to a specific demand of the Value Chain Development Project (VCDP), co-funded by IFAD in Nigeria, which is experiencing an increasing escalation of conflicts amongst pastoralists and farmers.

The main objective of this learning initiative is to improve understanding on how to secure land rights and how to prevent, resolve and transform land use conflicts between farmers and pastoralists.

Conflict over land is highly complex and seldom attributable to one or two factors only. Multiple sources of tension or vulnerability may interact, including poverty, religious or ethnic tension, traditions of cattle raiding, increasing availability of firearms, unclear tenure, corruption and patronage, land and population pressure, industrialization and agricultural expansion, underemployment of youth and many more. Conflict “multipliers” include phenomena such as land grabs, foreign land investments and climate change, many of which are exacerbated by insecurity of tenure. Moreover, environmental degradation, reduced availability of resources, prolonged period of drought, war and occupation, land grabbing, external and internal migrations are all causes that limit availability of land and pastures forcing pastoral communities into farming areas and consequently leading to conflict with settled agrarian groups. The combination of these elements, diminishing livelihoods, governance failures, and continued conflicts, help to stoke violence.

Amongst the rural contexts that are experiencing the same escalation of conflicts in Africa, some local experiences in Kenya and Tanzania are currently developing innovative approaches and practical tools to secure land rights and reduce conflicts between pastoralists and farmers. Those approaches and tools, combined with an improved policy dialogue at national and local level, have achieved interesting results in term of conflicts resolutions amongst pastoralists and farmers, bringing towards an increased land tenure security and better management of natural resources. 

In the past,  PROCASUR​, IFAD and​ ​​the​ ​ILC ​have collaborated in the organization and promotion of several learning initiatives focusing on Land Tenure Security. As per the specific thematic of pastoralism, two Learning Routes have been implemented in collaboration with several other partners in Kenya and Tanzania in 2012 focusing on how to make rangelands secure.

Building upon the previous experiences, and as a response to the specific demand expressed by the VCDP IFAD funded Programme in Nigeria, PROCASUR in collaboration with IFAD and ILC, is developing as part of the Learning Initiative, the Learning Route (LR) “Innovative practices and tools to reduce conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers: experiences and learning from Tanzania”, which will take place in Kenya and Tanzania between 23rd September to 1st October 2017. 

During the Learning Route a selected group of government officials, State Coordinators, agricultural production officers, IFAD project staff and other key actors and stakeholders from Nigeria will be exposed to a 10-day face-to-face learning with outstanding experiences and local champions in Kenya and Tanzania.

This will be the opportunity to learn directly in the field and from its protagonists about some of the best practices, innovative tools and approaches implemented in favour of land use conflict resolution among farmers and livestock users. Participants will learn about the Group Ranches System in Kenya and the Joint Village Land Use Planning in Tanzania. They will share their knowledge with the following host cases: 

  1. The Olkiramatian Group Ranch in Kajiado, Kenya;
  2. the OLENGAPA experience in Kiteto District (Tanzania) developed with the support of IFAD-ILC Sustainable Rangeland Management Project (a component of ILC-supported National Engagement Strategy in Tanzania).

In addition, the group of participants will spend one day with the Ujamaa Community Resource Team (UCRT) and other key stakeholders based in Arusha District, Tanzania to learn about the general context in Tanzania and other innovations and good practices.

During this unique journey through practical knowledge, participants will be supported by PROCASUR and experts, in the design of an "Innovation Plan" aimed at integrating and adopting the best land tenure security practices in their respective settings and enhancing their organizations and projects performance in reducing potential conflicts in sustainable use, management, access and protection of natural resources and promoting peaceful co-existence amongst farmers, pastoralists and other users. Participants will also learn from local key stakeholders about how to improve the policy dialogue at local and national level in order to avoid the duplication of conflicts on land tenure security.

For further information, please contact by phone or email:

Ms. Viviana Sacco: vsacco@procasur.org Phone: +39 338 104 606

Ms. Laura Fantini: lfantini@procasur.org Phone: + 39 347 320 7428

Ms. Loise Irungu:  l.irungu@procasur.org Phone: +254 797 624 916




Map LI Kenya Tanzania 2017 v2