PROCASUR the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the International Land Coalition (ILC) are pleased to announce a Learning Initiative (LI) on Securing Land and Tenure Rights, as part of the cross regional component of the "Strengthening capacities and tools for scaling-up and disseminating innovations" IFAD-PROCASUR Program.
The main objective of having a cross regional LI is to improve on how to secure land rights and how to manage land conflicts between farmers and pastoralists amongst a selected group of participants of VCDP IFAD funded Programme in Nigeria and will focus on sharing good practices, tools and experiences developed by selected local experiences in Kenya and Tanzania which may offer an important learning for the VCDP Project about how to solve the conflict situation in the project areas.
Conflict over land is highly complex and seldom attributable to one or two factors only. Multiple sources of tension or vulnerability may interact, including poverty, religious or ethnic tension, traditions of cattle raiding, increasing availability of firearms, unclear tenure, corruption and patronage, land and population pressure, industrialization and agricultural expansion, underemployment of youth and many more. Conflict “multipliers” include phenomena such as land grabs, foreign land investments and climate change, many of which are exacerbated by insecurity of tenure. Moreover, environmental degradation, reduced availability of resources, prolonged period of drought, war and occupation, land grabbing, external and internal migrations are all causes that limit availability of land and pastures forcing pastoral communities into farming areas and consequently leading to conflict with settled agrarian groups. The combination of these elements, diminishing livelihoods, governance failures, and continued conflicts, help to stoke violence.
The Benue State in Nigeria, one of the project area of the Value Chain Development Programme (VCDP), is experiencing in the recent months an increasing escalation of conflicts amongst pastoralists and farmers. The VCDP IFAD funded project expressed a specific request to learn about innovative tools and approaches developed in other contexts and countries which may provide learning and practical tools to avoid, mitigate and manage conflicts between pastoralists and farmers in the project areas.
Amongst the rural contexts that are experiencing the same escalation of conflicts in Africa, some local experiences in Kenya and Tanzania are currently developing innovative approaches and practical tools to secure land rights and reduce conflicts between pastoralists and farmers. Those approaches and tools, jointly with an improved policy dialogue at national and local level, have achieved interesting results in term of conflicts resolutions amongst pastoralists and farmers bringing towards an increased land tenure security and better management of natural resources.
In the past, PROCASUR, IFAD and the ILC have collaborated in the organization and promotion of several learning initiatives focusing on Land Tenure Security. As per the specific thematic of pastoralism, two Learning Routes have been implemented in collaboration with several other partners in Kenya and Tanzania in 2012 focusing on how to make rangelands secure.
Building upon the previous experiences, and as a response to the specific demand expressed by the VCDP IFAD funded Programme in Nigeria, PROCASUR in collaboration with IFAD and ILC, intends to promote as part of the Learning Initiative the Learning Route (LR) “Innovative practices and tools to reduce conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers: experiences and learning from Tanzania”, which will take place in Kenya and Tanzania between 23rd September to 1st October 2017. Participants will feed their learning needs from three ongoing good practices in Kenya and Tanzania:
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