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Learning Route on Learning towards an enhanced land Tenure Security and Natural Resources Management amongst policy implementers and resource users in Sudan. Kenya and Tanzania

 P1020419 2

26th of April to the 3rd of May 2015

Natural resources, particularly agricultural land and water, subsoil minerals and timber, make up a relatively larger share of the national wealth in less developed economies. In the East and Southern Africa

region community natural resource management and environment conservation are key topics because of the high population growth and poverty, and the predominant dependence on the environment for livelihoods.

In East and Southern Africa two main activities define the livelihoods of resource dependent communities and these are broadly pastoralism and agriculture. These two livelihood systems are intrinsically tied to and dependent on the availability of natural resources, which include land, water, pasture among others. Sufficient production out of these livelihood opportunities are however defined by the trends in climate change which in turn has determined the sustenance of rural communities. In Kenya, the case that has been identified for the activity represents the only remaining group in the southern rangelands. The group has exists a mid many challenges including legal battles one of which currently is in Kenya’s high court.

The scenario is not any different with Tanzania. In the current constitutional making process pastoralists have been faced with stiff opposition by a more organized and powerful farmers and private developers.
In Sudan the context for natural resource management is also changing. Internal investment and international interest for what is seen as “free space” or un-utilized land is increasing. The global policy as well as regional integration that even though Sudan is not broadly politically involved but nonetheless they are also shaping the debate around in many front including; mining, the petroleum sector and domestic and agribusiness investors.

The second context phase is around the legitimacy and authority of traditional leadership, responsible for many aspects of customary land management. The dualistic legal regime is weakening the system. The independence of South Sudan has closed off many pastoral routes and resulted in the need to relocate displaced persons, this need both traditional and the formal system especially after a big population has been displaced and are to be resettled. The fact that Sudan and South Sudan are two different countries present the challenge on managing the growing populations of both people and livestock how both NRs and the pressure on land to support investment and pastoralism against the backdrop of climate change.

In the context of intervention the choice of addressing Natural Resource Management (NRM) and land Tenure from a governance gap perspective will facilitate a more local or practitioners oriented debate. Such will also identify key benefits of specific ideas and lessons that can be up-scaled with a view to promoting sustainable NRM in a tenure system that is secure. Equally, the process will also seek to appreciate the context of interventions and their connection or potential vulnerability to climate change.

Through a hands on face-to-face learning, the 8-day Learning Route:

1. Offers the opportunity of learning directly in the field and from its protagonist some of the best practices on i) Natural Resource Management (NRM) for poverty alleviation and ii) Land Tenure Governance Systems for livelihood improvement.

Concept Note

Please find below the concept note to the Learning Route: Learning towards an enhanced land Tenure Security and Natural Resources Management amongst policy implementers and resource users in Sudan.

Concept Note Learning Route Host cases