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Learning Initiative on Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers

Banner LR Reducing Conflicts Tanzania Kenya LMB

Experiences and lessons from Kenya and Tanzania

Dear Colleagues,

The PROCASUR Corporation in Africa in collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have partnered with the International Land Coalition, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) to present the Learning Initiative: Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers, taking place in Kenya and Tanzania, between the 22nd September and 1st October 2017 under the framework of the PROCASUR-IFAD Programme “Strengthening Capacities and tools to scale up and disseminate Innovations.

Through a face-to-face learning, the 10 day Learning Route includes the opportunity of learning directly in the field and from its protagonists some of the best practices, innovative tools and approaches implemented in favour of land use conflict resolution among farmers and livestock users. 

The Main objective of this cross-regional learning initiative is to contribute to lesson-sharing and learning at country and regional level in order to build technical capacities within IFAD´s operations and main partners in the Africa region on innovative strategies of securing land rights and how to manage land conflicts between farmers and pastoralists.

Conflict over land is highly complex and seldom attributable to one or two factors only. Multiple sources of tension or vulnerability may interact, including poverty, religious or ethnic tension, traditions of cattle raiding, increasing availability of firearms, unclear tenure, corruption and patronage, land and population pressure, industrialization and agricultural expansion, underemployment of youth and many more. Conflict “multipliers” include phenomena such as land grabs, foreign land investments and climate change, many of which are exacerbated by insecurity of tenure. Moreover, environmental degradation, reduced availability of resources, prolonged period of drought, war and occupation, land grabbing, external and internal migrations are all causes that limit availability of land and pastures forcing pastoral communities into farming areas and consequently leading to conflict with settled agrarian groups. The combination of these elements, diminishing livelihoods, governance failures, and continued conflicts, help to stoke violence. 

The Benue State in Nigeria, one of the project areas of the IFAD funded project: Value Chain Development Programme (VCDP) has been experiencing in the recent months an increasing escalation of conflicts amongst pastoralists and farmers. VCDP expressed a specific request from the IFAD technical unit to learn about strategies in securing land rights, developed in other contexts and countries which may provide learning and practical tools in order to avoid, mitigate and manage conflicts between pastoralists and farmers in their project areas. 

Amongst the rural contexts that are experiencing the same escalation of conflicts in Africa, some local experiences in Kenya and Tanzania are currently developing innovative approaches and practical tools to secure land rights and reduce conflicts between pastoralists and farmers. Those approaches and tools, jointly with an improved policy dialogue at national and local level, have achieved interesting results in term of conflicts reduction amongst pastoralists and farmers bringing towards an increased land tenure security and better management of natural resources. 

A selected group of participants from VCDP will visit two host case studies to focus on sharing good practices, tools and experiences developed by selected local experiences in Kenya and Tanzania which will offer an important practical learning from two ongoing good practices and practical experiences in Kenya and Tanzania: 

  1. The Olkiramatian Group Ranch in Kajiado, Kenya;
  2. The Joint Village Land Use Planning as developed by the OLENGAPA experience in Kiteto District (Tanzania) with the support of IFAD-ILC Sustainable Rangeland Management Project (a component of ILC-supported National Engagement Strategy in Tanzania) with a brief on the interventions adapted by the:

Moreover, the group of participants will spend one day with the Ujamaa Community Resource Team (UCRT) and other key stakeholders based in Arusha District, Tanzania to learn about user rights, Group Certificate for Customary Rights of Occupancy, women role rights and other good practices and innovations.

During this unique journey through knowledge, participants will be supported by PROCASUR and experts, in the design of an "Innovation Plan" aimed at integrating and adopting the best land tenure security practices in their respective settings and enhancing their organizations and projects performance in reducing potential conflicts in sustainable use, management, access and protection of natural resources and promoting peaceful co-existence amongst farmers, pastoralists and other users. During this unique journey, participants will also have the opportunity to learn from local key stakeholders about how to improve the policy dialogue at local and national level in order to avoid the duplication of conflicts on land tenure security.

For further information, feel free to send your queries or contact us: 

Ms. Viviana Sacco (General Coordinator):  vsacco@procasur.org   

Ms. Laura Fantini (Methodological Coordinator): lfantini@procasur.org

Mr. Ken Otieno (Technical coordinator):  peterkenotieno009@gmail.com

Fiona Flintan: f.flintan@cgiar.org  or rangelandsinitiativeglobal.ilc@gmail.com

For additional information, including the case studies, please go to: 

NEWS